AskDefine | Define equilibrium

Dictionary Definition

equilibrium

Noun

1 a chemical reaction and its reverse proceed at equal rates [syn: chemical equilibrium]
2 a stable situation in which forces cancel one another [ant: disequilibrium]
3 equality of distribution [syn: balance, equipoise, counterbalance]
4 a sensory system located in structures of the inner ear that registers the orientation of the head [syn: labyrinthine sense, vestibular sense, sense of balance, sense of equilibrium] [also: equilibria (pl)]

User Contributed Dictionary

see Equilibrium

English

Etymology

aequilibrium, from aequus, equal, and libra, balance

Pronunciation

/ˌi.kʷɪˈlɪb.ɹi.ʌm/

Noun

  1. The condition of a system in which competing influences are balanced, resulting in no net change
  2. The state of a body at rest or in uniform motion in which the resultant of all forces on it is zero.
  3. The state of a reaction in which the rates of the forward and reverse reactions are the same.
  4. Mental balance.

Synonyms

  • (condition of a system in which competing influences are balanced): balance, stability
  • (in physics):
  • (in chemistry):
  • (mental balance): sanity

Antonyms

Translations

condition of a system in which competing influences are balanced
  • Czech: rovnováha
  • Esperanto: ekvilibro
  • Estonian: tasakaal
  • Finnish: tasapaino
  • French: équilibre
  • German: Gleichgewicht
  • Greek: ισορροπία [iso̞ro̞ˈpiˌa]
  • Norwegian: ekvilibrium, likevekt
  • Polish: równowaga
  • Português: equilíbrio
  • Romanian: echilibru
  • Russian: равновесие
  • Spanish: equilibrio (es)
physics: state of a body at rest or in uniform motion in which the resultant of all forces on it is zero
  • Estonian: tasakaal
  • Finnish: tasapaino
  • French: équilibre
  • German: Gleichgewicht
  • Greek: ισορροπία [iso̞ro̞ˈpiˌa]
  • Norwegian: ekvilibrium, likevekt
  • Polish: równowaga
  • Português: equilíbrio
  • Russian: равновесие
  • Spanish: equilibrio (es)
chemistry: state of a reaction in which the rates of the forward and reverse reactions are the same
  • Estonian: tasakaal
  • Finnish: tasapaino
  • French: équilibre
  • German: Gleichgewicht
  • Greek: ισορροπία [iso̞ro̞ˈpiˌa]
  • Norwegian: ekvilibrium, likevekt
  • Polish: równowaga
  • Português: equilíbrio
  • Russian: равновесие
  • Spanish: equilibrio (es)
mental balance

Extensive Definition

Equilibrium is the condition of a system in which competing influences are balanced and it may refer to:

Biology

Chemistry

Economics

Game theory

Music

Physics

Other

Equilibrium, LLC - Filming in Egypt - British managed - Production company

See also

equilibrium in Czech: Equilibrium
equilibrium in German: Gleichgewicht
equilibrium in Spanish: Equilibrio
equilibrium in French: Équilibre
equilibrium in Ido: Equilibro
equilibrium in Indonesian: Kesetimbangan
equilibrium in Italian: Equilibrio
equilibrium in Hebrew: שיווי משקל
equilibrium in Hungarian: Egyensúly (egyértelműsítő lap)
equilibrium in Japanese: 平衡 (曖昧さ回避)
equilibrium in Polish: Równowaga
equilibrium in Portuguese: Equilíbrio
equilibrium in Russian: Равновесие
equilibrium in Slovenian: Ravnovesje
equilibrium in Turkish: Denge

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

accordance, aplomb, assurance, balance, balanced personality, beauty, bilateral symmetry, calm, coequality, coextension, communion, community, concinnity, confidence, conformity, congruity, consistency, consonance, constancy, continuity, cool, corelation, correlation, correlativism, correlativity, correspondence, counterbalance, counterpoise, dynamic symmetry, equability, equality, equanimity, equation, equipoise, equipollence, equiponderance, equity, equivalence, equivalency, euphony, eurythmics, eurythmy, evenness, fastness, finish, firmness, harmony, homeostasis, homogeneity, identity, imperturbability, invariability, inverse proportion, inverse ratio, inverse relationship, justice, keeping, level head, levelheadedness, levelness, likeness, measure, measuredness, monolithism, multilateral symmetry, mutuality, nerve, order, orderedness, par, parallelism, parity, persistence, poise, polarity, possession, presence of mind, proportion, proportionality, reciprocality, reciprocation, reciprocity, regularity, relativity, reliability, restraint, rhythm, rootedness, sang-froid, secureness, security, self-assurance, self-command, self-confidence, self-control, self-possession, self-restraint, shapeliness, solidity, soundness, stability, stabilization, stable equilibrium, stable state, stasis, steadfastness, steadiness, steady nerves, steady state, substantiality, sweetness, symmetricalness, symmetry, trilateral symmetry, undeflectability, uniformity, unity, unruffledness, unshakable nerves, unshakableness, well-regulated mind
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